Economist Robin Hanson thinks the era of ems — robots with artificial copies of human brains — could occur in the next century. Read his astonishing predictions … and prepare for your jaw to drop.

In 2009, futurist and venture capitalist Juan Enriquez had big ideas about how the human species is about to evolve. As a complement to his TED Talk, “The next species of human,” he compiled this useful list of important research we should all be tracking.